Types of physiotherapy treatments explained

Physiotherapy Halifax is a specialty that deals with examining, diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal system disorders. Physical therapy seeks to restore maximal independence for patients with musculoskeletal disorders. This healthcare specialty uses heat, cold, exercise and massaging techniques. There are different types of physical therapy treatments. It is important for patients to understand these specialties so that they can get the right treatment based on their conditions.

Orthopedic Physical Therapy

Orthopedic physiotherapy Halifax mainly focuses on the restoration of function to the bones, joints, tendons, and ligament. Orthopedic therapists provide treatment for sports injuries, post-operative joints, amputations, and arthritis. The techniques used in an orthopedic setting include strength training, cold packs, hot packs, electric stimulation, muscle stimulation and joint mobilizations. This specialty of physical therapy is mainly administered in outpatient settings.

Geriatric Physical Therapy

This type of physiotherapy is more general as it provides therapy for adults through the different phases of aging. These issues may include hip and joint replacement, cancer, arthritis, incontinence, balance disorders, mobility problems and osteoporosis. Geriatric physical therapists focus on individualized programs to help improve fitness, reduce pain and restore mobility.

Neurological Physical Therapy

Neurological physical therapists deal with patients who suffer from neurological disorders. These conditions may include, brain injuries, Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and stroke. Some of the common problems that affect people with these disorders include vision impairments, poor balance, and paralysis, loss of independence, mobility and stability issues. Therapists work with these patients on a regular basis to provide functionality in these areas.

Pediatric Physical Therapy

Pediatric physical therapists mainly focus on early detection of musculoskeletal and neurological disorders among infants, children, and teenagers. These specialists also diagnose, treat and manage injuries, diseases, and disorders that affect joints, bones, and muscles in children. Pediatric physical therapy focuses on improving balance, coordination, gross and fine motor skills. This treatment is also geared towards building sensory integration and improving cognitive and sensory functionality. Children who have cerebral palsy, development delays, torticollis and spina bifida can benefit from pediatric physical therapy. This treatment can be provided in school or special clinics for children.

Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy

This type of therapy deals with cardiopulmonary disorders and conditions to help these patients function better. Patients who have been diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis, coronary stent placement, heart valve replacements and post coronary surgery can benefit from cardiopulmonary physical therapy. This treatment is also crucial for people recovering from heart surgery or heart-related disorders. Therapy helps to improve heart recovery while reducing the likelihood of suffering severe heart attacks. Physical cardiopulmonary therapy patients should be supervised during the workouts. Physical endurance is built over time, hence the need for supervision.